The city of Montreal has adopted a “climate test” to ensure that all its actions and operations contribute to the fight against climate change, under the city’s new Climate Plan 2030, outlining 46 actions around cleaner transport, urban greening, and more energy-efficient buildings.
The Climate Plan 2020-2030 aims to support the city to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 55% within the next decade and become carbon neutral by 2050.
The “climate test” is a decision support mechanism adopted by the city to ensure that its actions and decisions from finance and infrastructure to public policy, to speed up the ecological transition.
The city will also allocate 10 to 15% of the ten-year capital expenditures program budget to climate change adaptation.
“The health crisis triggered by COVID-19 has highlighted the importance of resilience to ensure the wellbeing of cities’ residents and the vitality of businesses and infrastructure,” the plan said.
“The ultimate goal of this plan is to increase the community’s resilience and capacity to adapt to climate hazards, environmental disruptions, and potential pandemics that could once again cause havoc in our society.”
The climate test is gradually being applied to all the city’s decisions, such as contracts, infrastructure projects, and by-laws.
A city department that proposes a project will be required to estimate its contribution to the city’s climate change targets from the very outset. The more that a project helps the city reduce GHG emissions and adapt to climate change, the greater its chances of being completed on a priority basis.